THE MESOZOIC ERA: Beasts of Land and Sea

<a href="/items/browse?advanced%5B0%5D%5Belement_id%5D=50&advanced%5B0%5D%5Btype%5D=is+exactly&advanced%5B0%5D%5Bterms%5D=Stratigraphic+column+showing+the+Mesozoic+formations+of+North+Mississippi+%28from+%3Cem%3ERoadside+Geology+of+Mississippi%3C%2Fem%3E%2C+used+with+permission+of+the+authors%29">Stratigraphic column showing the Mesozoic formations of North Mississippi (from <em>Roadside Geology of Mississippi</em>, used with permission of the authors)</a>

The northern and eastern portions of Mississippi are home to outcrops of Late Cretaceous chalk and sands that were deposited in the shallow sea known as the Mississippi Embayment, approximately 66 million years ago. The embayment included much of present day Mississippi and extended north into what is now southern Tennessee. The embayment remainded underwater from the early Cretaceous through the Paleogene period, a duration of approximately 122 million years.

As such, most of the fossils we find in this portion of the state are marine creatures such as oysters and clams (bivalves), snails (gastropods), urchins (echinoderms), fish, shark, mosasaur (aquatic reptiles), and other sea creatures. 

In the "Cretaceous Vertebrates" section you will be able to see 3-D scans of three parts of Mosasaurus hoffmanii: the left maxilla (upper jaw), the left pterygoid (internal jaw), and the left scapula (shoulder blade). The link you see will take you to an external site called Sketchfab.

CRETACEOUS SNAILS (Gastropods)

CRETACEOUS OYSTERS and CLAMS (Bivalves)

CRETACEOUS CEPHALOPODS

CRETACEOUS MISCELLANEOUS TAXA

CRETACEOUS VERTEBRATES

3D Models of parts of Mosasaur hoffmanii (DSM 10716) can be viewed here. This will take you to an external site called "Sketchfab".

Left Maxilla (click here) - this is the upper, left jaw of the Mosasaur, and was the first piece of the specimen to be found in the outcrop.

Left Pterygoid (click here) - because the Mosasaur could not chew its prey, it had specialized, internal jaws that helped it to move the prey into its mouth and down its throat.

Left Scapula (click here)- this shoulder blade shows clear evidence that it was scavenged by a shark called Squalicorax. The grooves left behind by the shark's teeth are visible on both sides of the scapula.

Mosasaurus hoffmanii (DSM #10716)

THE MESOZOIC ERA: Beasts of Land and Sea